About Hanta virus : Like Symptoms, Spread, Treatment etc
Introduction about Hanta Virus : –
Orthohantavirus (Hanta virus) is a single-stranded, enveloped, negative-sense RNA virus, which is a member of the Bunyavirales family. It is transmitted to humans by rodents. Rodents are biting animals such as rats, squirrels, etc. Humans can become infected with the Hanta virus when they come in contact with the urine, saliva, or feces of rodents.
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Hanta virus causes the following potentially fatal diseases in humans. Such as hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), and hantavirus pulmonary syndrom (HPS), also known as hantavirus cardiommonary syndrome (HCPS).
HPS or HCPS is a “rare respiratory disease” associated with breathing in the presence of excretory substances (urine and feces) of aerosolized rodents (rat, squirrel, etc.) animals contaminated by hantavirus particles.
Friends, let me tell you one more thing here that Hantavirus is named after the Hantan River region in South Korea. Where it was seen as an early outbreak. It was first isolated in 1976 by a scientist named Ho-Wang Li.
How can humans get infected with Hanta virus: –
Friends here, let me tell you that human infection of hantavirus is almost entirely linked to human contact with excrement of rodents animals. Cases of human hantavirus infection occur very rarely. This infection mainly occurs in rural areas. Where forests, fields, etc. provide suitable habitat for hosts of rodents.
According to the CDC, rodents spread the virus through their urine, droplets, and saliva. Now humans breathe in air contaminated with viruses. Then the virus is mainly transmitted to people’s bodies.
When fresh urine, droplets or nesting substances of rodents are shaken or teased. At that time, small droplets containing the virus get into the air. This process is known as “airborne transmission”.
There are several other ways that rodents can spread hantavirus in people : –
- If a rodents bites someone with the virus, the virus can spread to that person. But this type of broadcast is rare.
- Scientists also believe that people can acquire the virus if those rodents have been contaminated with urine, droplets or saliva. After this, when you touch the nose or mouth.
- Scientists also suspect that people may become ill even if they eat food contaminated by urine, droplets or saliva of infected rodents.
Symptoms of Hanta virus infection : –
Flu-like symptoms : –
- Head ache
Some other symptoms may also occur, such as : –
- Muscle or body aches
- Body fatigue
- Loss of appetite
- Sore throat
- Diarrhea Trouble breathing.
Some activities with potential risk for infection with Hantavirus : –
- Opening and cleaning previously unused buildings
- Cleaning the house
- Activities related to waste disposal
Cases of infection of Hantavirus : –
In 1993, related cases were reported in the United States. In the year 1995 also, one or two cases related to this were reported.
Treatment of Hantavirus : –
There is no specific treatment, cure, or vaccine for Hanta virus infection. However, we know that if infected individuals are identified early and receive medical care in the intensive care unit, they may be better off. In intensive care, they are intubated and also given oxygen therapy to help patients during periods of severe respiratory distress. So that they can glow.
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